The COVID-19 pandemic put a lot of things in perspective. One of these was the importance of fruits and vegetables. Consequently, The UN declared 2021 as the “International Year of Fruit and Vegetables”.
A diet rich in vegetables and fruits has a lot of benefits. It strengthens the immune system, improves blood sugar control, lessens digestive problems, lowers the risk of certain cancers, and provides a host of other health advantages.
It’s no surprise therefore that the volume of vegetables produced globally has dramatically increased over the years. It climbed from 682 million metric tons in 2000 to more than 1.15 billion metric tons in 2020! So where do these vegetables come from? Here are the top vegetable producers in the world:
The Top 5 Countries that Produce the Most Vegetables
It makes sense that one of the largest countries in the world produces the highest amount of vegetables. China has ample land area and climatic zones for a variety of vegetables. Furthermore, at 18.47% of the total world population, China is bound to have enough workforce for agricultural production.
China, therefore, ranks first in the production of vegetables, and this production is very important for the Chinese. They produce close to 600 million metric tons annually, accounting for about 52% of all global vegetable production.
India shares the advantages of a large population, good climate, and ample land for food production, with China. It ranks second in the production of large quantities of vegetables, thanks to soil fertility and the country’s investment in Agriculture in general.
India has an annual production of about 140 million metric tons, accounting for about 15% of the global total production of fresh vegetables. They are particularly the largest producers of tomatoes. In other agricultural sectors, India is the largest producer of pulses, jute, and milk.
3. The United States
Yet another sizable nation. What makes the US stand out is cutting-edge agricultural technology. It serves as an agricultural role model for many nations, and American agriculture is expanding continuously at accelerating rates.
According to recent statistics, the United States produces 45 million tons of vegetables annually, which is equal to 5% of all the vegetables grown worldwide. As a result of its reliance on modern methods and techniques for vegetable cultivation, the country ranks third globally in terms of agricultural production overall and vegetable production in particular.
Turkey is a leading producer and exporter of a variety of agricultural products such as cherries, figs, olives, apricots, tea, and tobacco. Agriculture is the main economic activity, employing over 25% of Turkey’s workforce. It boasts a favorable environment, fertile soil, and plentiful rainfall.
It makes sense that it’s, therefore, the 4th largest producer of vegetables. It produces 35 million tons annually, accounting for about 4% of the world’s total production, and in years to come, this proportion is expected to double.
Even though 39% of Iran is covered in desert, they have installed modern water storage facilities and an irrigation system based on the prehistoric system of the qanat.
That said, Iran contributes significantly to the world vegetable production balance and exports veggies to its neighbors. Each year, 27 million tons of vegetables, or 3% of the world’s total vegetable production, are produced using high-quality methods.
Vegetable consumption is thought to be very healthy and supports various body functions. Thanks to these 5 producers, the globe has an ample supply of vegetables to keep the body packed with vital vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants!